Fabric, apart from its composition and hues, also comes in a variety of patterns that add visual textures and elements of interest. Each of these patterns can be played around with other elements of design to create a variety in each type. These patterns can be implemented by printing, dyeing, weaving etc.
The terms “plaid” and “check” are used interchangeably, but these are two totally different types of surface patterns.
The term plaid refers to patterns inspired by Scottish “tartan” plaids. Check patterns are much simpler than plaids. Checks are always symmetrical, consisting of crossed horizontal and vertical lines that form equally sized tiles.
The floral pattern consists of flowers or arrangements of flower-inspired motifs. It ranges from tiny to large-scale, realistic to abstract, casual to formal, and colourful to monochromatic. Depending on the style of the floral pattern, you can mix and match florals with just about any other pattern.
Depending on the technique floral pattern may be created by printing or by weaving like in the case of Jamdani fabric. Floral patterns are common in the Jamdani technique where the motif is woven into the fine fabric by the extra weft technique and thus appears to be floating on the sheer textile.
The term is applied to weaves that resemble honeycomb cells. The cellular formations appear square in the cloth.
The cheerful, familiar polka dot pattern is an evenly spaced array of same-sized dots. It's extremely versatile and works well with most other patterns. A form of geometric pattern, this too can be commonly seen in Jamdani fabrics.
Abstract fabric designs are those that lack a concrete motif and subject matter. These designs are often rich in overlapping textures and tones, creating a sophisticated look. The lack of a recognizable motif means they can transition into different interior styles easily. For example, the unique Batik pattern formed by the cracked wax surface or the exclusive Shibori pattern.
Chevron is a pattern of zigzagging stripes, typically in two alternating colours. The herringbone is similar to a chevron but differentiated by the breaks between the zigs and the zags.
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