Sustainable Supply Chain

7 Common Effects of Textile Effluents from Dyeing Process

Dyeing is one of the primary phases in the textile industry. And as such, not only consumes a lot of water but also releases waste from its processes which pollute the water resources. This in turn has a severe impact on the environment. Here, we discuss the 7 Impacts of effluents from the textile dyeing process.

Varieties of Textile Dyes:

Today, chemical dyes are commonly used in the textile industry. Different types of these dyes are suitable for different fabrics-

However, there is a cost to be paid for using these dyes- The environment. More than 8000 chemicals are used in making different kinds of textile dyes, which need large amounts of water for dissolving these chemicals. Textile mills need gallons of water every day. 

“As much as 200 tonnes of water are used per tonne of fabric in the textile industry."

Impact of Effluents from Dyeing Process:

1. Results in waste of vital freshwater

2. Unusable, chemical-polluted toxic wastewater is released into water bodies.

3. Dangerous heavy metals are also used in synthetic dyes & dyeing processes which make their way into the water bodies. For example, cadmium, lead and copper, which are found in dyes and pigments in clothing, accumulate in our bodies and can damage organs and our central nervous system.

4. Dyes increase the temperature & pH of water.

5.  The oxygen content of the water is greatly reduced, leading to the death of fish and other aquatic biodiversity. 

6. Different kinds of bacteria, viruses, and harmful fungi can grow freely in this polluted water.

7. Corrosive chemicals cause damage to metal and drainpipes.

“Mill waste effluent contains between 5-20% of original dyestuff that seeps into the natural environment affecting biodiversity.”

At Anuprerna we focus on ensuring the raw materials used are safe and certified. To complement our decentralized artisanal production, we have centralised the sourcing of raw material & processing so that we can have control over the quality & sustainability of the material used. At our in-house dyeing facility, we thus only use low impact Azo-free Dyes and Natural Vegetable Dyes which do not contain any nitrogen-based compounds, heavy metals or toxins that could pollute the water resources. We have also adopted the solar dyeing process in order to further reduce pollution which could be caused during the dyeing process

Team Anuprerna

Team Anuprerna

At Anuprerna, We Request Everyone To Contribute And Share. This Way We Can Create Global Recognition For These Beautiful Handwoven Craft & Textiles To Bestow Value Onto The Ordinary Lives Of Our Artisans With Extraordinary Skills. And We Believe That's The Only Way We Can Build A Sustainable And Ethical World For Ourselves.


Related Articles