Each material has its own specific characteristics in terms of breathability, stretchability, crease-resistance, climate adaptability etc. Depending on the occasion or function of a project as well as the kind of climate when it will be used, one can choose the optimum fabric type. Ethical fabric like handloom cotton fabric and handloom linen fabric is great for summers. Handloom Khadi fabric is a great example of sustainable fabrics in India. Being handwoven and handspun, they are more breathable, comfortable and aesthetically appealing. It keeps warm in winters and cool in summers. The hand woven cotton fabric is also the simplest to work with so are preferred as Shirting fabric, Kurti fabric, summer dresses. Mulberry silk, being fine and breathable can be used for a warmer climate. On the other hand, wild silk is more suited for cooler weather. However, both types of Silk along with sustainable silk fabric like Matka and Ketya are appropriate as a special occasion or premium garments. Blended fabrics like khadi cotton silk fabric, or pure cotton silk fabric offer the best of both.
The weight of a fabric is measured in GSM (grams per square meter) and it defines how heavy or light a fabric is. Measuring the fabric weight is a way of measuring the thickness of the material, and differentiating between light-weight, medium-weight, or heavy-weight fabric. It is very important to consider the right weight of fabric one the material has been decided.
These fabrics are light. They tend to be good for year-round wear, and may wrinkle a bit. These fabrics drape well and are great for business wear. Light cotton with a close weave is a great place to begin, as it’s usually easy to sew and often has a light fall.
This category includes year-round fabrics, including many more casual weaves. They tend to hold up against wrinkling fairly well on their own. They do not have any issue with opacity in these fabrics, although whites will still show through somewhat.
These are some of the heaviest fabrics and tend to fall on the more casual side. They tend to hold in heat well and are very durable. Heavy handloom cotton fabric or heavy handloom khadi fabric is perfect for items that you want to have more shape, but it’s still really easy to sew. When choosing your heavy cotton, know that it is usually quite stiff and make sure this has been accounted for in the project you choose.