East India Textiles
The Story Of Each Textile In India Start With Farming Of Its Fibre. In This Blog, We Bring You Closer To The Roots Of Indian Traditional Textiles & Fibres. It's As Important To Know About The Source As Is The Process Of Production. Thus, We Will Share The Story Of Where It All Begins For Each Of Our Natural Textiles - A Variety Of Silks, Cotton And Khadi.
Sericulture is an agro-based industry. It involves the rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk, which is the yarn obtained out of cocoons spun by certain species of insects.
India is the second-largest producer of silk around the world. It majorly produces four varieties of silk: Mulberry, Tussar, Muga and Eri. Among four varieties of silk, almost 71% of silk produced is Mulberry. Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, and Tamil Nadu are the major silk producing states in the country.
North East has the distinctive distinction of being the sole region manufacturing four kinds of silk-like Mulberry, Oak Tasar, Muga and Eri.
India is the largest cotton producing country in the world. The Indian cotton fabric production is about 6,188,000 tons per year.
There are ten major cotton-growing states which are divided into three zones, viz. north zone, central zone and south zone.
-The North Zone consists of Punjab, Haryana, and Rajasthan.
-The Central Zone includes Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat.
-The South Zone comprises Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
Besides these ten States, cotton cultivation is also cultivated in Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal & Tripura.
1) Long Staple- grown in Punjab, Haryana, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh.
2) Medium Staple- grown in Rajasthan, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra.
3) Short Staple Cotton- grown in U.P., Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Haryana and Punjab.
At Anuprerna, we primarily source our Cotton from the states of Tamil Nadu & Andhra Pradesh.
Regenerative agriculture is a conservation and rehabilitation approach to food and farming systems.
'Regenerative Production Landscape: People, Nature, Economy', the landscape programme aims to promote regenerative and restorative farming principles for cotton, and also food crops. It hopes to develop business models that work on conserving natural resources such as soil, water, biodiversity, as well as fairly rewarding the smallholder farmers who are lowest in the supply chain.
The Laudes Foundation, the IDH Sustainable Trade Initiative (IDH) and WWF India have launched a regenerative farming programme in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.
Read more here.
Khadi basically refers to the Indian fabric which has been handwoven specifically using handspun yarn. It is produced in various parts of India, depending upon its raw materials.
While the silk variety comes from West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha and North Eastern states, the cotton variety comes from Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal. Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir and Karnataka are known for woollen variety.