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Supplementary Weft

JAMDANI

Jamdani fabric is a fine woven fabric in cotton crafted by supplementary weft technique of weaving. Historically referred to as Muslin, the jamdani textile is one of the most unique crafts for which Anuprerna is working along with around 100+ Jamdani weavers scattered across four villages in the Bengal region. With a work relation of up to 30+ years, Anuprerna has been producing ethical, sustainable and beautiful handwoven textiles using indigenous weaves and techniques of Bengal.



HISTORY OF JAMDANI TEXTILE

During the regime (1605-1627) of Mughal emperor Jahangir, the plain Jamdani muslin was decorated with numerous floral designs. The emperor was seen wearing a Jamdani swatch around his waist on many occasions. Jamdani fabric finds fleeting mentions in pieces of literature as ancient as Arthashastra (3rd cent. BC) and also occupies space in accounts of travellers & traders from China, Arabia and Italy who noted its unparalleled finesse.

For years, Jamdani was limited to traditional ethnic wear only.The Jamdani weaving tradition is of Bengali origin. However, today, this exquisite craft has evolved to incorporate modern silhouettes as well. You can read about it here.


THE TECHNIQUE OF JAMDANI WEAVE

The jamdani weave is a supplementary weft technique of weaving, where the artistic motifs are produced by a non-structural weft, in addition to the standard weft that holds the warp threads together.

The standard weft creates a fine, sheer fabric while the supplementary weft with thicker threads adds intricate patterns to it. Each one of the motif designs is handwoven into the muslin using a single continuous extra weft yarn.

The result is a complex mix of different patterns that appear to float on the surface of the Jamdani fabric. The pattern is not sketched or outlined on the fabric but is drawn on graph paper and placed underneath the warp. Often a mixture of cotton and gold thread was used. Usually the Jamdani motifs are geometric in its silhouette

JAMDANI MOTIF

The Jamdani motifs were traditionally inspired by nature, be it flora or fauna. And the characteristic feature of this craft was that motifs were always translated into geometric outlines or shapes.

Popular traditional motifs include panna hajar (thousand emeralds), kalka (paisley), butidar (small flowers), fulwar (flowers arranged in straight rows), tersa (diagonal patterns), jalar (motifs evenly covering the entire saree), duria (polka spots) and charkona (rectangular motifs).


EVOLUTION OF JAMDANI

Traditionally, the use of Jamdani was limited to mainly sarees and was therefore was always woven into a fine muslin fabric.

However, with mordernisation, the craft has evolved and been adapted to modern silhouettes. Today Jamdani come in higher gsm which allows wider application to western styles.


Besides this, Jamdani motif design however has evolved from traditional designs to more contemporary ones. Over time, these ancient motifs have become simplified. Today we can see Jamdani fabrics with minimalistic modern motif design in abstract geometric shapes along with varying size and colour, giving the fabric a modern appeal.



TIMELINE OF JAMDANI TEXTILE PRODUCTION:
Jamdani textile weaving is a time-consuming process and requires skilled hands:

2 Weeks: Yarn Dyeing & Processing

1 Week: Loom Setting

1 Week: Weaving

1 Week: Washing & Finishing of the Jamdani cloth


THE PROCESS OF MAKING JAMDANI MUSLIN

Team Anuprerna

Team Anuprerna

At Anuprerna, We request everyone to contribute and share. This way we can create global recognition for these beautiful handwoven crafts & textiles to bestow value onto the ordinary lives of our artisans with extraordinary skills. And we believe that's the only way we can build a sustainable and ethical world for ourselves.
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