Organic & Natural
Natural vegetable dyes for fabric are dyes or colourants derived from natural sources, that is, plants, animals, fungi and minerals. It is mostly derived from plants sources. These can be different parts of the plant like root, stem, leaves, bark, berries, etc. Many natural dyes require the use of substances called mordants to bind the dye to the textile fibres. Natural dyes work the best on natural fibre materials.
At Anuprerna, we source natural dyes for fabric which are ISO and GOTS certified for in-house dyeing. We can custom dye any of our dyeable fabric in any of the following natural shades at our dyeing studio.
It is one of the natural organic dyes extracted from rhizome and roots of Rubia cordifolia (also known as Manjistha or Indian Madder). The pigment contains the organic compound alizarin which is responsible for the red, pink and orange colour produced when dyeing textile. It also has anti-microbial and astringent properties.
Natural dye is extracted from the gallnuts of Quercus infectoria, the Aleppo oak. The gall is also known as Manjakani in Malaysia & Majuphal in India. These natural dyes for textiles gives ivory, light yellow & grey colour & change with the change of pretreatment auxiliary in the process of dyeing. The nutgalls have been pharmacologically documented on their antiamoebic, anticarcinogenic and anti-inflammatory activities, to treat skin infections and gastrointestinal disorders.
It is derived from the lac or resin secreted by Kerria lacca onto sticks. These organic dyes and pigments give red & violet colour & change with the change of pretreatment auxiliary in the process of dyeing. The dye also has anti-microbial properties.
Natural dye is extracted from the rind or peel of the Punica granatum, that is pomegranate. The pigment gives yellow, khaki & grey colour & changes with the change of pretreatment auxiliary in the process of dyeing.
Natural dye is extracted from the fruit of the Terminalia chebula. It is also known as Harad or Harataki in India. The pigment gives yellow, khaki & grey colour & changes with the change of pretreatment auxiliary in the process of dyeing. It also has anti-microbial and astringent properties.
Indigo natural dye pigment derived from the plant Indigofera tinctoria. The pigment gives deep blue colour & is used to dye wool, silk and cotton.
Indigo dye is perhaps the most known of all the natural dyes known to mankind
Natural Vegetable Dye works best on natural materials like cotton, silk, wool etc. Even among the natural fabrics, the dye bonds better with fabrics like silk or materials which naturally contain tannins. For others, mordant is used.
Mordant helps the natural dye pigments bind and fix to the fabric so that it doesn't just wash out with water.
To achieve a greater range of shades from a natural material, substances called modifiers are used. It is added after the dyeing to change the colour of your fibre or fabric. Some modifiers achieve this by influencing the pH and thus changing the colour, meanwhile other modifiers, also additionally act as fixing agents and improve colour fastness.
Both Mordants and Modifiers can be obtained from natural sources, thus eliminating the need for any synthetic man-made chemical.
Acidic modifiers: such as vinegar, lemon juice, lime juice or citric acid will shift reds towards orange or yellow, purple towards pink and orange towards yellow.
Alkaline modifiers: such as baking soda, baking powder, soda crystals & wood ash shift purples towards blue-greens, yellows & reds to pink.
Metallic salt modifiers: such as Iron, Copper or Aluminium will shift colours differently. Iron tends to dull, sadden or darken colours. Aluminium will brighten & copper makes colours greener in tone.